First, it discusses what factors cause genocides to occur, including national character, the development of modernity, and individual compliance. Second, it considers various responses to genocide, including trials, reparations, and truth and reconciliation commissions.
Finally, it considers the relationship between the Holocaust and other genocides. In general terms, the word "genocide" is used to refer to instances in which one group or nation sets about systematically exterminating a specific ethnic, racial, national, or religious population.
It is undoubtedly true that such killings have happened all throughout history, but genocide as a term did not come into existence until near the end of World War II. The horrors of the Holocaust, the Nazi German campaign of extermination of Jews, Roma, individuals with disabilities, and a wide variety of others, led scholars and commentators to seek a new language to describe what had occurred. Raphael Lemkin, a lawyer of Polish-Jewish descent, coined the term "genocide" to describe the Nazi atrocities.
Genocide combines the prefix geno-, from the Greek term for race or tribe, with the suffix -cide, from the Latin term for killing. In the years following World War II, genocide was used as a descriptive term by scholars, commentators, and prosecutors. In particular, the prosecutors at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg an international trial in which Nazi officials were tried for their participation in atrocities used the term genocide to describe the acts encompassed by the charge "crimes against humanity.
This international treaty document defined genocide as an international crime that nations can attempt to prevent and punish.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:. While the Convention has made it possible for the International Criminal Court to prosecute individuals who participate in the commission of genocide, not much success has been had in terms of preventing genocide. In part, this is because it remains hard to predict when genocide will occur. Perhaps more important, however, is the fact that genocides frequently occur within an individual nation's borders, and the international community is often reluctant to interfere in what it sees as an internal matter.
Genocide is not as rare as some people think. In fact, over the past century quite a number of episodes of genocide have occurred.
Since the Holocaust is the episode of genocide that sparked the invention of the term itself, it has had a central place in the study of genocide. The Holocaust, sometimes called the Shoah, refers to the period between and in Europe, during which the Nazis consolidated their political power in Germany; invaded and subjugated other European nations; and systematically exterminated Jews, Roma, homosexuals, those with mental and physical disabilities, and various political prisoners such as Catholic priests, resistance fighters, Communists, and dissident intellectuals.
If the State fails to do so then the international community has the right to exercise diplomatic and humanitarian means to intervene and protect the populations. Thomas Cushman of Wellesley College believes that genocide is preventable in some cases, not all, but definitely some. He agrees that in some cases prevention of genocide only comes down to political will and motivation, or the lack thereof.
If political parties and leaders were more willing to actively intervene when experts suggest the possibility of an impending genocide, then the number of genocide cases could be greatly reduced.
Yet in the world of human phenomena, it seems to be precisely the opposite. Genocide has continued to be a vicious crime throughout human history and while some argue that it is within human nature to kill, our compassionate humanity may be stronger.
As a whole, it is important to realise that the statistics that come from genocides are actual people and should not be dehumanized within our minds, by the media, or by our governments. Perhaps with this measure, there is realistic hope for a genocide-free future. Oxford English Dictionary Online, n. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account.
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Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Email required Address never made public. Subscribe to Kodiko Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Due to lack of proper understanding of genocide and its aspects, the EU, UN, and USA continue to face problems in dealing with genocide. Dealing with genocide has become difficult for the three groups because even with graphic images of genocide circulating all over the world, they fail to comprehend the magnitude of evil involved.
Also, the leaders of these groups are accountable to their citizens. Hence, when the public remains silent on the matter, leaders interpret their silence as indifference. Hence, failure to act tends to be the safest route. If the country governments as well as the UN can improve their strategies in handling genocide worldwide, we can help eliminate the problem faster and prevent its occurrence in the future instead of having to experience it again and then waiting for decades to solve it.
Sewanee University of the South Type of paper: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Is genocide still happening today There currently exists a set of international human rights agreed upon by countries worldwide. Need a paper on the same topic? We will write it for you from scratch!
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This essay, will discuss the history of the Cambodian genocide, specifically, what happened, the victims and the perpetrators and the world’s response to the genocide. The Cambodian Genocide has the historical context of the Vietnam War and the country’s own civil war.
Well the answer to that is simple. All of these genocides have occurred due to the failure of the international community. The quote "history always repeats itself" has upheld it's honesty. The fact that the international community continues to turn a blind eye to the matter, leads to the conclusion that genocide in the future is inevitable/5(9).
Genocide Essay Examples & Outline Are you in High School, College, Masters, Bachelors or Ph.D and need assistance with your research paper? All you need is to ask for essay help written by a specialist in your academic field. Feb 26, · Genocide Essay Words | 3 Pages Genocide is a reality that no one can ever conquer or vanish if they are working alone or do not look at the consequences upon taking choices of action.
Genocide Essay Raphael Lemkin (), a Jewish lawyer from Poland who wrote extensively about international law and crimes against humanity, coined the term genocide in his most famous work, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe, published in by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. This is a sample essay (essay example) on Genocide. Remember, all free essays you can find publicly online are % plagiarized and can be used in instructional purposes only. Remember, all free essays you can find publicly online are % plagiarized and can be used in instructional purposes only.